Table of Contents

    a woman touching her painful gums

    Wisdom Tooth

    Wisdom teeth are our third permanent molars, and are the last set of molars to develop. While not everyone has wisdom teeth, they usually erupt between 17-25 years of age for those who do and can either be impacted or non-impacted.

    Types of Wisdom Tooth And When Should It Be Removed

    Not all wisdom teeth require removal, as non-impacted wisdom teeth erupt normally and are properly aligned, which do not cause any problem to cleaning and keeping it healthy. However, it is more often that wisdom teeth are impacted.

    Impacted wisdom teeth are teeth that are unable to erupt completely due to surrounding structures like the second molar or the jaw bones. Due to lack of jaw space, they may emerge at an angle that is pushing against adjacent teeth, partially through the gums (partially impacted), or entirely kept under the gums without emerging (fully impacted).

    Four common types of wisdom tooth impactions:

    Graphics of Wisdom Tooth Mesial Impaction

    Mesial Impaction

    Graphics of wisdom tooth distal impaction

    Distal Impaction

    Graphics of horizontal impaction wisdom tooth

    Horizontal Impaction

    Graphics of Wisdom Tooth Vertical Impaction

    Vertical Impaction

    As cleaning is difficult and food is easily trapped in the empty pockets between the two teeth, wisdom teeth are susceptible to cavities and decay. Pain starts to arise when the gums start to get infected and become swollen. Under such circumstances, the removal of the wisdom teeth becomes necessary.

    a woman smiling for the camera while having a dental check up

    How are Wisdom Teeth Removed

    An extraction or a surgery under local anaesthesia may be required, depending on the angle and position of the wisdom tooth. During the procedure, you will only feel pressure as we loosen the tooth and remove it. Once the tooth and bone has been surgically exposed for extraction, the affected gum areas are then stitched together. After which, we will ensure that a nice blood clot forms in the socket before we send you home with home care instructions and medications to ease your healing process.


    If you do not experience pain or swelling, and your teeth are fully functional, removal is not necessary. However, regular checks are still important in order for us to monitor your condition, and advise preventive measures where necessary.

    Local anaesthesia is usually used durin gan extraction or surgery hence no or minimal pain is felt. Minor bleeding, swelling and pain is expected during post-surgery, especially once the anaesthesia wears off.


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